Lactose intolerance

Lactose is a milk sugar found in milk and dairy products. To digest lactose, we need the enzyme lactase, which is produced in the small intestine. People with lactose intolerance do not produce enough lactase to digest the lactose from their diet. The undigested lactose reaches the large intestine, where the bacteria begin to digest it. This process releases gases and fatty acids and draws fluid into the large intestine, leading to symptoms such as bloating, diarrhea, flatulence, abdominal pain, and cramps.


When avoiding milk and dairy products, it is important to have suitable replacements. Key considerations are that the alternative product should be equivalent to milk in terms of vitamin B2, calcium, and protein.



Many people with lactose intolerance can still tolerate a small amount of lactose. Usually, a lactose-restricted diet is recommended. Together with a dietitian, you can determine what amount of lactose you can tolerate. Products that cause symptoms are replaced with complete lactose-free alternatives.


Are you interested in a lactose-restricted diet? We would be happy to guide you with tailored nutritional advice.

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